DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. THE SUPERINTENDENT Copy from FILE 143 PORT JUNE, 1920. / no stilly nonnf, 19*0. J u TABL^ 07 *rf. ^Hg«, I* Oonoral Condition*. • . l II, yintNMlti««t4»**t« -l I.U. tfork ConpI«t*d.. •••»•*, 8 IV. Work in Pro«r«co,..* 10 V. work Batf*». « is VI, riant or Iropoatd fork., 14 VI2, ^olioies. . 15 VIII, OOrt of Operation 15 IX, Othur iUittarn fj;f Int*r<ti»t. . . . 15 aid Anirficlo 15 Birda , 17 7iSil08, . • • - 17 3<iasoual Chung* • , is Arroatfi ft ''loliiiions of Law 19 forest Vismn * 20 Aoitider.ts and :Ak»uultiee, . . 20 litdioal jenio«s. Natural Phenomena , • , 21 Spacial Vifiitoro,. .., 21 Motion Pictures 22 - isoollanoouo 22 X, Hocelpts and ^oi*ltfc«.>iood. CO Attached also are original notes of ' uralist, Painter, Electrician, depths of snow in spring, and Weather Bureau, GAL July 10 f 1920, The Director, national Park Service* Department of the Interior* Washington, D. C. Dear Sirs r? The following is my report on conditions in the Yellowstone Rational Park, and on the operation of the park, for the month of June, 1920: OMflUL COHDITIQHSi The mean temperature during June was 52, which was 4 degrees below normal. It was persistent- ly cold during the first fire days and the latter hair of the month. The lowest temperature recorded was 24, on the 1st. The precipitation was 1.18 inches, which was .46 inch less than normal. The continued low temperature through both May and June resulted in backward spring conditions, and added materially to the difficulty and expense of clearing the high passes on the park roads of snow before the opening of the park season. The road over the Continental Divide between Upper Basin and Thumb, and from Thumb to Lake, which sometimes have to be cleared of a now, were open by June 13th, without any expense, the only work on this road required being the shoveling of one small drift by a party of tourists who wanted to get through before the season opened. The road from headquarters to Lake via irorris and Canyon was opened in May, as previously reported. This work was done in May in order to give the Hotel and Camps Companies an opportunity to begin their ex- tensive overhauling at the Lake in time so they could be prepared for guests at the opening of the season; and these oompanies t as well as concessioners C. A. Hamilton, George Whlttaker, and J. £. Haynes, contrib- uted to the fund to cover the cost of the work, a to- -1- tal of about $1,000 waa contributed to this fund by these concessioners. This wrk was completed to the Lake on Hay 26th, and the caterpillar tractor with steel snowplow mounted in front, which was used for thie work, was left at Lam Outlet for later use on the divides, if necessary* It was decided to wait until about June 12th, so as to permit nature to do as much as possible towards removing the snow and still insure the opening of all passes by June 20th, Sylvan Pass, on the Cody or eastern entrance, presented the greatest difficul- ties} and I accordingly concentrated all efforts on this road. Hangers were sent over the pass every few days to measure and report the depth of drifts. Their re- ports the first of June were most discouraging so far as about a mile of the road in the pase was concerned, where the snow was reported from 10 to 30 feet deep; and on June 3rd I made a personal inspection of the road from the Oody side, clear through the pass. I then in- structed a small road crew that was engaged in mainten- ance work on the Cody entrance road to experiment with blasting the drifts to loosen them up, and went to Cody and arranged with the citiaens there to furnish coopera- tion in the work of removing the enow from 3ylvan pass, the work to becin on June 12th, with a orew working from both sides of the pass. On June 9th reports from raa- cera sent over the pass indicated considerable improve- ment in snow conditions from the June ^rd reports. By the 12th the orew that went out from Lake Cutlet encoun- tered but little difficulty in reaching the pas, where the huge drifts were encountered. We had a small orew at each end of the pass* and in addition the Cody people furnished $500 to assist in this work, with which a orew of 20 men were hired. We succeeded in opening the pass by June 17th, three days before the tourist season; and by the 20th this road was in fair shape for regular travel* Ho attempt was made to open the south entrance road before the snow disappeared, as it is not a main entrance, and the approach roa<?.r through Jackson Hole are in bad condition and the chances for travel via thut entrance this ye&r seom very slim. The first automobile came in from the south on J&»« 24th, but they plowed through about two feet of snow for nearly three miles; and it was not until several days later that this road was pronounced perfectly safe for travel. Dunraven pass was especially difficult to open as the drifts of snow were unusually frequent and deep* and it was not until the ©lid of Juno that the road was open, and not until July lot that regular travel "between Canyon and «anmoth was routed through the pass • This completed the open- ing of all park roads and approaches, made on record tine under unusual di fficull ios. Tho deep cuts made through the snow-drifts are still apparent, and have since the roads were opened for travel furnished novel entertain- ment tor the tourists who stop and take pictures among the drifts, and h*M snowballing matches. The Monthly lie tecro logical Summary furnished by the U. B« Weather .bureau is inclosed. Travel. As predicted before the season opened, travel to the park has eeea heavy since tfci very .Tirst day of the tourist season. as will be suen by the inclosed Chief hanger's Monthly Travel Keport ;or June, the total number of incoming passengers to the end of June was 7,18V, against o,oo0 to tne same date for tho season of 1919, an iacrease of *uor^ elgkt per cent. This percentage has increased steu^.-; 3ince J1UM 80 tin to the date of this report, ana the pros | ox- cellent for a banner season, attached to the inclosed uiiicf ..anger's Travel num- ber of private autouooil. tT%M different states and the number of tourists f Statt in these care. MM of the increase is in travel tc the park by rail; the travel by private .^tonobiles is today approximately the same as last ye> r. Thore was considerable travel in private cc; to the park in June, before the regular par* aoa3on oponed on the 20th. The Camps company bag an to take in tourists on June 6th, and siaers were proviso. MHI private camps. Daily passenger service has been maintained by the Oregon bhort Lias EUilro&d to the -..-e stern entrance; thrice daily pai;6ti. tr service Ij ti;e iurlin e .ton railroad to Couy, IjTMlmffi on the e*st; and twice daily service by the la or thorn Pacific to Gardiner, I * fl on the north, since June BOtfe. The first tr. c in into 7est Yel- lowstone arrived at the western entrance on time the morning of the tOtfe* with £01 park tourists. Tic were due to leave by at&^e for Upper basin and Mammoth at 9i00 a.m., but due to lack of sufficient help or proper organization the first automobile stage did not leave West Yellowstone until 10:33 a.m., and it was 11:45 a.m. before the last one left the depot. This -3- difficulty was gradually remedied with additional as- sistanoe at the depot, and as the employees became accus- tomed to the work of hooking and loading tourists. June 26th was a record day for the number of rail tourists for the season, 669 tourists coming by rail from the three entrances* Labor and Supply Karket. With the increasing demand for labor of all kinds, on account of renewed spring activities, there has been a slight shortage of labor since about the middle of June* It has not, however, been necessary to increase the wage scale to overcome this shortage, and for the last day or two the situation has been somewhat relieved* Food supplies are slightly lower in price than they have been, with a few exceptions, potatoes and ve- getables are still very high and hard to get. Hardware and plumbing supplies are high priced a,nd. very slow of delivery. II. Pfi R80HBKL1 Employees* On June 1st there were 95 employees on duty under this office in the park, and on Juno 30th there were 213. Below is given a list of the number of employ- ees serving under appointment, with a general statement of the kind of work performed by each cla3s: Ho* Class* Kind of work performed* 1 Asat. Engineer Office engineering and in charge of road repair crews in vicinity of headquarters* 1 Blacksmith General blacksmith work. Shoe- ing draft animals and ranger sad- dle horses, and overhauling tools and quipment. 6 Gierke 1 disbursing agent and purchas- ing clerk; 1 on orders, proposals -4- No. 2 6 Class. steward and fas- ter of Transpor- tation. electric iana Buffalo Keeper Aaet. iuu'fale Ke e pe rs foremen General foreman Handy nan Lineman Watchman Kind of work performed. and vouchers; Z stenographers, files and revenues; 1 on payrolls and timekeeping; 1 on cost ac- count int . la charge of all transportation and of storehouses. 1 in charge of power plant who operated and did necessary line work; Z assistants who operated Alar shifts including Sundays. In charge of tame buffalo herd, feeding and caring for them* Assisting buffalo keeper in car- lag for the buffalo herd. 1 in chare© of stables at headquar- ters; 1 in charge of engineering work; 1 in charge of work on crib of Klk Fork bridge and road in east i'orest reserve; 1 in charge of repairs to sprinkling system; 2 in charge of road maintenance and repair crews. In c;^i\;c of construction work. ,,orked in storehouse issuing sup- . ies, and sorting over, moving, and straightening up storehouses; also helped handle supplies from railroad. In charge of telephone system; did emergency work and installed instruments. Watchman at headquarters. Made hourly patrols for fir© at ni&ht, and cleaned up headquarters build- ing. Worked daily including Sun- day*. no* l 2 1 1 1 Z 18 ■1 Claaa* : ;.stor Mechanic Plumber painter Kind of v/ork pon'orped. la efe r^.e of a ho pa arid ape-j&-i-n£: r<reds "by clearing "snow with cat- erpillar and a no wp low. In charge of general plumbing at headquarters. Renovated quarters at headquarters — fern ived i3i^ao and equipment /or guidance of public in park. a, Telegraph Opera- Uent and received Western Union tor telegrams; also put in regular shift a s switchboard operator, ueven clays a week. Vo '.e;'-hore Opera- tors Motorcycle Mechan- ic 1 Laborer I Chief BMLf** Cperated telephone switchboard. ^.ireu motorcyolea* Miscellaneous work at headquarters , In charge of ranger force. Asst. Chief Hangers Assisting Chief Kan^or. One in charge of southern district; 1 in ciiar^e or western district; and 1 with ^re-ir ~*j^a4>ftg road D . -C3 in charge of ranker stations, on duty in Chief Ranger's oi'fioe, patrol duty in the park protect- ing wild animals, ana repair an c m fences; also directing traf- fic* formation patrols, etc. 1st Class Park Park Hangers Temporary PfclftE -ngers ditto. ditto. Also motorcycle urols % checking automobiles, etc, £he above employees were on duty as stated, with the exception of time during which they were on leave of absence • -6- la addition to the regular employees listed above the following were employed temporarily; On June 1st* On June 30th. S&eehanics 5 11 IftMUtfltoMNi 8 33 Laborers 14 3o Skilled laborers 11 32 Cooks 9 VfcJ treas 1 30 121 Leaves of absence ♦ During Juno annual leaves of absence ^rere granted as follows: to 11th, 10 days, 3rd, 3 ■ 1st, 1 day. 6th, 5 days, to 4th(noon) 1# ■ 5th, 1 day. 17th, ib days. noon) to 6th, 1^ rt to 15th, Z « 8Qtfe, 6 19th. 5 « aoth, 1 day. 20th, 1 ■ E)tfc f 3 days. fcfc, 3 " •i L. Reese Park B&nger 1st JU L • SSaLauiyhlin ditto 1st i/ord j ;urdy ft 1st B« 3. Bowman M 1st Ha; rry '^rischman A s s t . C hf . ; j :c. BAg* . 3rd C. 0. Lauer Clerk Oth B« L. Jaulta tfel. •••« Opr. 1st a. I. Dustman Park Hanger 4th( H. V. I*r* ditto 14th F. ~. Bre^don *.set. Klectriei&n 14th L. A. <A 1 Ian Lineman 15th C. A. Lindsley Asst. £>upt. 19th B. 0. Lacoiaoe Buffalo Keeper 19th i>. ich&rds , Park: danger 27th ■ . il. Wendell Storehouse Clerk Appointments. 27th June 10 : tiara H. Hurlesa, park ranger, ^100 p.m. T. lu s Calvin 0. Davis, park rancor, |1B0C p. 13; liussell Sprinkei, par'/C rancor, V G0 p.m. t« It I ..ondell il. Bishop, park ranker, ^lOiJ p.m. £, 16; Oae Van Wyek, Jr., park ranger, y60 p.m. T. 16; Vernon 3. Downs, park ranker, ^80 p.m. T. 16j i'tay D» i'eesdale, park ranger, #80 p.m. f« 16; Lew yarett, park; ranger, ^80 p.m. f« 16: B4B** *« H&a&olph, park ranger, ^80 p.m. 'f. If I Leon D. Mink, park ranger, ^80 p.m. f. June 1G: 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 20 16 16 16 16 17 16 16 16 21 24 II 15 24 17 25 19 16 15 ;«,bert At Ide, park ranker, v ^ u *•■« *« Guy f« Grove, park rfuter, ^60 p.m. T. Leasing L. Enge lklng, park ranger, $80 p.m. T. Louis Druakin, park r*ag*r fl |XO0 | ul • if Roger C. Ixoodo, park ranger, #10 C »«»« T. 11 AH 8i Troutman, park ranker, ^100 p.m. f. lolan J. Howard, park ranger, #100 p.m. T. ir'ck J. Paraoh, park ranker, $80 p.m. T. Heory iiavenal, park ranger, $80 p.m. T- Pean Hauaeman, park ranger, ^12^0 P« a « *** • Hoi lie K. Matthew, park ranger, §11 DC p.a. WAJ Kmraet 3 John L. Clyde K William •lea L. Dow Jlohol, Jr., park ranger, $12u0 Tod Meek, park ranger, #80 p.m. T. Alexander C. Wiley, olerk, $1360 p. a. Jack H. Harvey, aotorcyole mechanic, $120 p.m. T. Hane Lareen, park ranger, $80 p.m. T. Sam T. Woodring, park ranger, *1200 p. a. W« B. Holmes, p^r** rancor, $80 p.m. ■• Y ederiok C. .iahoaok, park ranker, $80 p.m. T. Wendell a. ICcato, part ranger, T 80 p.m. T. er Custer, P*** ranger, $60 p.m. izabeth B. *-llan, Tel. Opr. , 35^ per nour, T. Matthew, park ranger, $1200 p.a. WA£. Tyler, park ranger, V 12J^ p.a. WAJB. F^aey, park ranker, $1200 p.a. WAK. H. Harriaon, park ranger, $1 .a. WAS, I, Jatkina, park ro.t\B^r 9 £1200 p.a. WAS. IA1< se t ,aratl ona . Juno 6: John L. Oooper, motorcycle mechanic, v* 20 P»»» 11$ Bert L. Recce, park ranger, ^ p.a. 30; Frank B. -?&e 9 park ranger, $1200 p.a. 30 i £• a. Copenhaver, Aeat. Buffalo Keeper, $900 p.a. III. WOr.K COMPLETED: (a) Conatruction of i'hyelcal Improvements. Eo work undor I fell reading wae completed during June • (e) Malntenaaoo and Bepalr of Pnyaioul Improvementa. The #aa atora o tank at Gardiner haa been erected and placed on tho concrete foundation, and is complete with the exception of the pipe connectiona. The email slidea of dirt in the Gardiner Can- yon were removed, and the road put in fair condition. All roada have been opened up for traffic, the onow re- moved uil ilgM t- -lc. and rep* ir work done, with the exception of the Ooolce Qlty road, Kt, Washburn, Gallatin, Duaraven Pass, and the soutu entrance and forest roads. Only lioht repairs and general maintenance work was done. nklor tanks throughout the park have been repaired, 'out many of thorn still need constant atten- tion to ko noral condition of the roads ie fair for this time of the season, but much maintenance work and repairs still remain to bo done. The sprinkler crews in most places have bee a cent tut to t'.f-ir stations and will be sprinkling the first of July* (c ) miscellaneous Icmrcvesient Wo rk . The 46-acre meadow near the northern entrance was irrigated by one man throughout the month. It also become necessary to •♦clip" the field with a mower, to check M apparently heavy crop of fanweed and other weeds which have made an aypaaraatf with the sprouting of the grass coed. * lover MeMtWI at the buffalo farm were also irrigated during the month, and the fences around this meadow were rehired. The water system to supply the publio automo- bile MM at Manmoi:. 0*i cci^lctod. This was partially done laet year, and required but little work to finish it. (4) Service to the Public. While the regular park season did not open until June 20th, nost if the roads were opened to points of in- terest ^ad it was found desirable to begin the sale of automobile tickets of pi to private parties on June luth. The inclosed Chief Hanger's Travel Keport shows that during the month 7,187 people visited the park, of which l 9 fl I their SW1 transportation, and 3,632 came with hired transportation. There were 1,023 motor vehicles eat. the p-rk with 2,416 passengers. Of this nikii 330 Mil pail ^.tomoMlee, 15 were motor- cycles, £ were complimentary cars, and 10 were cars en- tering the park a second time. Tourist travel by rail- -9- road has exceeded that of any other June, and on the 26th of the month the transportation company received 669 tourists, which number exceeds any other jingle day in the history of the company. It is a noticeable fact that only a small per- centage of the visitors entering the park in their own oars stop at the hotels and camps, the majority prefer- ring to camp out with their own outfits. Of the number touring the park with the Yellow- atone park Tr^na ortation Company, 2,200 stopped at the hotels and 1,424 stopped at the permanent camps* An information bureau was maintained at head- quarters. A total of 694 inquirers visited the informa- tion bureau durinc the last eleven days of Juno • Thirty- one of these visitors asked specifically ;or the museum; virtually all of them were Interested in the few speci- mens for which there is room in the oifice, and spent considerable time viewing them and asking questions* This is a trifle over an average of 65 inquirers a day, and at times our little onioe was quite crowded, as we had previously anticipated but could not help* ▲ total of 146 pamphlets and 15 maps were sold* A series of monthly bulletins on flowers, geology, anicals, and birds was prepared and placed at all ranger stations, camps, hotels, and stores at the beginning of the season* a total of 136 bulletins was so placed in sets of fours, and they have attracted a great deal of interest and dis- cussion from the very start* One ranger was on duty with the tame buffalo show herd at headquarters constantly, and it is estimated that about 5,000 tourists visited the buffalo corral dur- ing June* IV. «T0RK IM PItOGRSJo: ( a ) Construe tion of Physloal Improvements , The construction of an adequate water system for supplying private parties traveling through the park In their own automobiles was commenced at Grand Canyon on June 4th, and was nearly completed by the end of the month. -10- This system consists of a pipe line fro:.. Canyon Hotel to the public automobile camp near Canyon Junction, with branches to the ranger station md the general store of George Whlttaker. Mr. Harris, of Perham and Harris, called on June 10th relative to the f im ■ tract for construction of an underpass bridge in Sylvan | lt| but due to large amount of snow on the road it was decided that it would be impossible to complete the work during the month of June; and he was advised to apply for an extension of time on thia work, \ich he has done. (b) Maintenance and He pair of Physloal Improvem ents , Our shop - /as en^u t al imrlM tho month in repair li overhauling, totXf and equipment, including trucks, Mlilif and motorcycles. Mr. Howard Campbell, an expert on motorcycles, repro Je.it Uf **• hurley-Davidson Motorcycle Company, jpont the poriod Juno 15th to in our motoroyclo shops, instructing tho ru o and riders as to caro and uoo of the machines uood io r road patrols, resulting in our motorcycles bo in D ' in better con- dition rtf the season's work than they have ever been be- fore. The plumber did a little work that was absolute- ly necessary at headquarters to keep the water system up, but most of hifl tine was devoted to the new construction work at the Oanyon. The painter specialised on painting si^ns for posting throughout the park for the Information and ance of the public, *ai tvttlai •*• -igns in plaoe. Sx- oollent jro u reea was made on this most important ^ork, but thio'is a job that v/ill require most of the lUsil to conj»lote, as in addition to several hundred signs that y/ were on hand waiting to be put up there are many more badly neede .. n assistant was detailed for the painter throughout the month, and when he was out in the park placing oi^ns a t l4 iriver were also in uao fl this work. The nydro-electric pOW#r plant was run 19 hours per day up to the middle of the month, and 24 hours per day since that time. A total of 11,200 att v- •11- 171 of current v e r day was generated. Of thin, 3,359 K.Y,\H. were consumed by oo noes a loners . 658 for the ii t ■ ht- iag of the grounds at headquarters, and V,iJ63 by Govern-* aont shops, buildings , and employees. The peak load for the aonth was 52 K.«f. In addition to running the power plant, the electricians made necessary repairs to the lines nad wiring in buildings and grounds, and looked after the head*;* tea, ditches, and pipe lines. Due to ^ hitfh water and dancer of damage to the headbates, it was neoeasary to employ one man most of the time during June to keep the gravel and rocks away from the head^ates and keep the r/ater flowing into the pipe lines at proper level. The telephone lineman had one assistant dur. the month, and be ( inr. int June eth was out in the park \^ nest of the time making general Syria* repairs to the lines. These repairs ooneisted in reeottin^ poles, re- platlaf brackets and insulators, re^airint; breaks, and rsnevi' -aec ^ith the hotel line. In all, about 17 poles were reeet. One men and team wae kept busy during the aont improving and irri L etinc the meadows or alou<;h oreek, so as to raise an increased supply of hay. ' c ) miscellan eous larrove aent york. rersl o leaning up of the grounds at headquar- ters, and the watering and care of the lawns, required the services of two to four men during; the month. These / men with the assistance of the headquarters barn force also kept the public camp at Mamnoth cleaned up and supplied vltk rood. Impr oveme nts by op n c o 3 s io n e r s , ?he Yellowstone Park Camps Company finished the construction of new tents at Mammoth camp and built and installed plumbing in the toilets. Vhe concrete plunge, with pipe leadin;; tf%m ft hot ayrinc. '*as completed and opened for use, but was closed a*;ain after a' iew days 1 trial until suitable droosin,; rooms could be completed. These are now la process of construction and will be C r for use at an early date. The balance of the new *»Vfc pl&M*« for Mammoth Camp will have to bo left un- til after the close of the tourist season, as the camp is too full of tourists to permit of much construction work going on. •12- "he IMBI •« ^leo resuued its ?;ork of cc net ruction of , ^ t - BD ° c *'. collont pro t :ru,M. fail. the, »•« aat « -r •■•«£»*•** with tkl* projoot on June 20th to furnish accomodations for fell tourists and it was neoessary for them to send Borne of then on ,< I -*• to canyon for the aieht. thil eoaditloa ."/as unavoidable, due to the fact that the I, ; J not opeaed * to get the «rj Parted in UM, t,nd i* laded out » few days and only a '"••»- Saint a «*M - Wl«»». Vha work of construe „Ing Samp" BooM •■•oil was a] .omed and £»•••. I few tawll * this camp 4 ^ ln ? » June, the kitchen and dining room service being in tents as the main building was not completed. Iko Yellowstone i'ark Transportation Jompany euyloyod a UVflt »kOf -"crco at taaattth :»-! also OJ a>iot.d Ih -leiing of Its bask house at .mnoth. Ooa.truotioa of a aa« tlon at ■•■■»*■ uao alM commence I • Jhe Yellowstone park Hotel Company began the work of hmlldtag a now port ooehero :o 3otel. They alL eoaatraetol I te.yo. ltt« with cunv.s roof V, ka tht alaiai room at Old yalthful Inn at Upper Basin, ^rovUing ^"additional capacity of 126 to the main din- ing room; nooo-nary to OOOOUOAotO the increased tr-vel. j. |. aayaat »* *ork - >a »!■ now platan thai at laaawaki »« it i" nearly cocpletod. j. A. Hamilton continuod >n his new store building at i,ako Outlot. and also OOtol » store at lub. andsr Ifaolal permit issued him, using some of the old hotel buildings alroady located there. Ml BBWtl Ihe now work bogoa during the month consisted of the construction of the now public »a«j at CaaTOa, and the building of ga3 filling stations at /^^ and upper fcaeln, mentioned under a preceding paragraph. -13- VI. PLaKS OB PROPOSED WORK: It is proposed to complete the widening and the filla over the concrete culverts in Dunraven pass as soon aa the maintenance work is far enough along to pormit safe travel through the pass. The iiQ\i road around the Lake Hotel, and the two railea of road between the two and four-mile posts on the Lake tc Canyon road will be graveled as soon aa the orev/ oufl be outfitted from headquarters. There are a number of bridges which need re- decking -.nd thia will be attend to as soon as luiaber is available, Arrangements are being made to take up about 200 ional acres of land for meadows at the Buffalo Farm, on the opposite side of Lamar hiver from the mouth of hose Croeii. This land will have to be plowed, harrowed, leveled and seeded to grass; and the expense will probably be #3,000 or #4,000 for the work and seed. The fence around the upper pasture at the pre- sent buffalo farm will have to be generally overhauled. A crew of about a doaen men will have to be em- ployed for heavy repairs to some of the telephone lines. The line from Dunraven Pass to Tower Palls has not been used for several years and will require a lot of work. Over a mile of the poles between the Buffalo Farm and Tower Palls, along the Lamar Biver, were washed out by high water and have to be replaced. Pour or five small crews will be put into the field, under the direction of assistant Chief lianger Harry Trieehman, to clear out trails that are used by tourist parties and by our pack trains for fire patrols and supplying snowehoe cabins. ~bout 500 miles of trail will probably have to be cleared out. One of these crews way also build new trails from Lamar Kiver to Cold Greek, about | miles; from Turbid Lake to the east boundary, IV miles; and from Eagle Creek down Mountain Creek to Yellowstone Hiver, about 12 miles.- It is contemplated having the trail crew that builds the Cold Creek trail also build a new enowohoe cabin at Cold Creek, at a cost of about #500. ■14- Examination M the elk r.uii^e on the Buffalo Fork southeast of the pii-:c by a rt of t v la on'ice, in cooperation with a rtflfN f§ of the Biological Survey and the U. |« Forest service* VII. POLICIES* So new policies were adoi-tod during the month. VIII. COST OF OPERATIOIi Cost report for month of June is not yet com- pleted, but will bo forwarded as soon as practicable. IX. OTHER MATTERS OF ISTKREST: Wild Aninale. I In general the conditions for wild animals dur- ing June were excellent, and jrass eating animals had no difficulty In finding an abundance of food everywhere, Buffalo, tame herd: This herd was erased on the range on Specimen Kid L ;e and in the foothills near Bit* Borris. a total of 54 calves have been born in the herd this spring. Threo bulls were shij ^ing June to city paries as follows: To Mr. Oonrad B. Wolf, Superintendent of the Board of Park Commi3sioner3 , Hibbing, Minnesota, ;>ne five-year- old bull, on June 30th. To State of tfyorrln , V.er.j oliJ, ,;yoain^, one three-year-old bull, on Juno roth. Carl Downing, Deputy State &ame Warden of *yominb, from Oody, Wyoming, came in on June 26th and attended to this shipment. To llr. Paul iiersaoh, President of Park Zoological Jooiety, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on June 3Jth. On June 18th fifteen bulla from the tame herd were brought in to Mamooth Hot Springs for show purposes. A great many touristo visit the show herd daily. Buffalo, wild herd; It is evident that the wild buffalo herd is increasing, for some of the animals have left the old feeding gMMAi and have boon seen in other sections of the park. Chief r^an^er Ucjride seems to think that the reason for migration to other sections -13- is on account of an increase In the herd, resulting in the need of ft ne\7 pasture. I saw eight vllA ouiTalo near Turbid L.ake on the east road early in June, and the next da;- >n:ineor .. L. Hill saw fifteen in the same locality. Bears a Bears do not seem to be as numerous around the hotel garbage dumps as in previous yearn, much to the tourists • disappointment. Doctor J. T. Pope, of San Francisco, Califor- nia, his brother, and some of their friends, T?ith Hed Fro3t of Cody, Vyomint, , as a guide, were in the par* dur- ing the month for the purpose of securing specimens of Orixzly bears for the California Academy of Sciences. Bows and arrows were used to some extent to kill the specimens desired. antelope i The antelope are all back to thoir summer ranee, and ere seldom seen by visitors. Rancors report them to be in excellent oondition* De er: Most of the deor have v ;one back for the summer, but a few remain around the cemps and hotels; and nearly everyone touring the park are fortunate enough to see deer somewhere on their trip. glks uuite a number of elk remained on the grounds at headquarters up to the middle of June. Small herds are seen often by tourists in the upper park. The elk are all in excellent condition, and a few calves have been reported. The prospects for a reasonably good crop of c^lvoe aoem excellent. Mountain sheep: A few sheep wero reportod by rangers durin:; the month, in excellent condition. Tourists are not likely to eee them on their trips, though they are occasionally aeon on Mt# Washburn. Moose ; An occasional moose was seen during the month, by rangers on patrols. They are in 6 *ood condition. Carnlvora i On June 5th Fanners Dur>uis and Dewing loca- ted a ooyo'te^ den near the old coal mine on Mt. Kverts, and succeeded in killing tho coyote and five pups. Grazing; The cool weather #f both Hay and June (average 4 decrees colder than normal for those months) and con- •16- sequent slow melting of the snow, was conducive to lux- uriant growth of grass; accordingly forage for our animals is very plentiful in all parts of the perk. The number of domes tio animals graied on park lands was comparative- ly small. The Gamps Company saddle horses (about 33) and about 23 belonging to the Yellowstone Park Transpor- tation Company, also about 30 of our surplus saddle and paok horses, were out on grass until about the middle of Juno, but had to be taken up and put in aervioo aa SeWI as the) season opened. The Hotel Company brought in 90 co\7J and calves on June 17th, and grase them near Canyon Hotel on the Mt. Washburn road, to I'urnish the milk supply for Canyon and Lake Hotels. They also were permitted to bring in 36 cows on June 20th, \7hich a re fimMt near fountain Hotel for supplying the Old Faithful Inn with milk. in addition to these, we have about 175 horses working in the park on maintenance ro rk, which ere graced to a slight extent about the road camps; but they have to be kept up for work and their main ration is oats ^nd hay purchased outside of the park. Birds . Many summer birds were in evidence throughout the park, additional notes on birds will be found fur- ther on in this report, under notes furnished by park naturalist Skinner on "seasonal changes . Fishes* Water was high in most of the streams early in the month, but towards the end of the month the fishing began to get good, and was participated in to a consider- able extent by tourists who cared for it. It vas es- pecially good at the outlet of Yellowstone Lake, where those so disposed were usually able to oatch their limit, either from boats or fishing directly from tho bridge on the Cody road. The crew of men sent from the United ritatoe Fish Hatchery at Boxeman for work in tho park arrived on June 10th and took up the usual sunuer work of gath- ering and eyeing ||fl of the Blackopotted trout at the aub-hatchery at Xellowstone Lake outlet. Another man was sent In from the Boaeman hatchery on June 14th, and established at fcoda Butte Lake near the Cooke road in the northeast corner of the park to gather the crop at ttet point. He completed this work on July 2nd and left Soda Butte. Report of the number of eggs socured there -17- IMM Ml ft kMI r...lT.d. I* quality of the trout *nd tho »fgl »t tiwt point are especially good. 2h. aoseraan hatoh.ry al eo furnished 20,000 B t.4 toy our ranger foroe the sam. day, 10.000 in §XM Ureek and lo.OOO in Obsidian Or.ek near the nine- mile post. seasonal Ohapg.s. aatnaioali U month has been noted for the wonderful iouaaool, J ^ flowers, both In the quantity and in the quality of the single sp.cimene. The masses of flowers in bloom throughout the i>ark have been much larger than usual. Below the 6.000 foot level the following began to bloom, rock roses on the third, "ri. on the eleventh, bitter root on the fif- teenth, in the neighborhood of llamooth. larkspur were abundant throughout the month, forget-me-nots appeared on the tenth, lung- worth and blue violets on the twelfth, wild rifta and penatenon on the sixteenth, purple ,e« on the seventeenth, **" 6""*™!*. on the twentieth, Indian paint brush on the tweoty-seventh, large beard tongue on the thirtieth. Service berry bushee were covered with blosaome and very showy on the sixteenth a ad elderber lea .just two weeks la t.r. On che park rlat.au dog ^^J 1 ?^ an * M« V dragons speared about the th rd. cle- natls on the twelfth, fringed gentian on the twenty-fourth, and lu.ines on the twenty- eighth. BlrdBl a. usual, the pine sieklns appeared when the first dandelion seeds tomod •»** *••;!* 30 on the great numbers of to *» ll " 8 _ 'J^ - ted about four times as IU| of th«»» f" bird, as we ever had before. Of the migra- tory birds only four delayed their *"-ival "til *fter June 1st, th. night hawk arriving on the twelfth, tne western wood P.wee on the sixteenth, the U«ull bmting on the •18- seventeenth, and the western tanager on the tenth. x killdeer neat was found near the Mud Volcano and the eggs hatched on the fourth* Bobins and flickers began laying eggs in nests near Old Faithful during the first week of June. The first young oaprey hatched on E&gle Nest Book in the Gardiner Canyon on the fourteenth and others appeared the same week in Yellow- stone Canyon. £he brood of goslings on Lava Creelr heaver pond hatched about the middle of the month, a magpie nest was found on the twenty-second, with yonng fully feathered and about to leave the nest just above the Buf- falo Farm (this was the first occupied nest i have located within the park boundaries) • Hob ins at Mammoth hatched out on the thirteenth • and left the nest on the twenty-eighth. Animals i Blk* Horns continued to grew throughout the month; they were about one-third grown at the end of the month. The first calf appeared on the third, and more continue to arrive until on the twelfth fifteen per cent of all elk seen were new-born calves. Blk were crossing the Lamar Kiver and working up the heights above the Buffalo Farm on the thirteenth. Ko elk in Hayden Yalley at the beginning of the month but they began to reach that range about the middle of the month. Uule deer: Horns were about one-half grown at the end of the month. Porcupines Numerous and feeding on the fresh, young meadow grass near Bridge Say. Coyote: 3 pups killed on the fourth were about three weeks old. As was to be expected, seasonal changes are about normal at the ond of the month, although the snow- drifts above 0,500 feet were heavier than usual. Arrests and Violations of Law. About 11:00 o'clock a.m., June 25th, the bunga- low at the Hotel Company's garden on the road between head- quarters and the northern entrance was forcibly entered, -19- and personal property valued at about $175 stolen. The two Chinamen who run the garden were out In the field at work at the time » and had their front door, which faces the garden, securely locked. The thieves entered through a rear window on the opposite side from the garden. They could easily approach from this side without being ob- served, aa the brush is thick close to the house on that side. When they returned at noon they at once reported their loss, and every effort was made to find the thieves, but without success. Tracks and other evidence indicated the work was done by boys or young men. All suspicious characters were watched, and a band of gypsies who happened along next day were put out of the park; but no clue has been found to this robbery. following is a list of arreste made by members of the ranker force during the month; PATE. EAMfc. 9JElfflUb PUHISiflU»gT. BY EAIiui,:. June 24th H. McCoy Speeding* reprimand by *.sst. John L.Tyler 3upt . 27th Dr.E.W.Timm) Defacing reprimand by Mr* F.X.Zeckj formation. Judge Meldrum. Chas. Smith 28th F.J.Krdman Molesting Reprimand by Sup t. Geo. Dustman U.S. property. £ charged for repairs. 20th A.C.Green ) Defacing W*C. Terry ) Fined $10 and Chas. Smith D.JS.MoLendon) format ion. costs. 350th A. B. Strode Violating i"ined $5 and Geo. Dustman fishing re- costs, gulat ions . fforeet Fires. Fire patrols were maintained when necessary, but an abundance of rain and melting snow throughout the month rendered them unnecessary in most oases. Ace I d ents and Casualties . Mr. Jake Miller, Sr. , of Phoenix, Arizona, died of heart failure near the top of Sylvan pass on June 30, 1920. He and his son, Jake Miiier, Jr., were making the trip through the park In t Ford car and as the car was not pulling vbty well, in going up the grade, in Sylvan pass, Mr. Miller, Sr. , decided to walk, his son t<oing -20- ahead with the oar. "tfhen the youn*; man had ^one about two hundred yards, ho looked back and saw Ma father lvint; in the road. 3!he old man was dead when the son reached hiia. 2?he young nan nanagod to get the body of his rather In the oar and returned to the Uylv&a pass Ranger Station. Mr. J. H. Yo&el, an undertaker of Cody, Wyoming* to alt charge of the "body. Dr. Howe Cody. V/yoming. examined it, and reported tfcftt de:.th was due to fatty defeneration of the heart, Mr. filler was 70 years of a&e and Yery fleshy, weighing about 215 pounds • Natural Phenomena. Old faithful Geyser continued to play stronger than last year, and at intervals of about 64 minutes, which is aleo more frequent. The activity of the gey- sers at fiorris Geyser Basin is less than last year, in general . Special Visitors. Assistant Director Gammerer viaited the park officially June 14th to 15th, but was unable to &o into the park except to headquarters and vicinity, on account of limited time. Other special visitors were noted as follows: James Hazea Hyde and Dr. Lambert, ) 30th Bewcomb Carlton, Pre©., Western Union) une * Mrs. Hobert C. Morris, June 29th to July 2nd, enroute to Slough Cr. W. 5. Thompson, June 25rd to 26th. G. li Goodwin, Aetf&f Supt., BlAO ier park, June 2Cth to 27th. Edward £. Britton, Pet. ttec, t>ec. of the ffavy, June 15th to 19th. Congressman F. C. Hicks, via Cody June 2Zn& to July 1st. J. Ri Carina ford, pros, of the I«9 ....... , June 12 th to 13th. Howard Eaton, June 12th. Lester L. Sryan, assistant to District Engineer Paulsen in charge of water irivesti£atiocs U.3.G.3., Idaho •31- District, last of June, checking water gages. Entered with his own car from went side, and left via southern entrance* Motion Pictures* Ho motion picture representatives were record- ed luring the month. One gentleman traveling for pleasure only waa permitted to use his small motion picture oamera without the formality of a special permit, on his representation that he was taking pictures for his own private collec- tion only, and did not Intend to use them commercially in any sense* Miscellaneous, Entertainments 8 Free motion picture shows were held weekly in the post Exchange auditorium under a co- operative arrangement between the park employees and the residents of Gardiner, until the opening of the park tour- ist season, rfhen this entertainment feature was taken over by the Park Curio Shop and & charge of i>0* plus war tax was made at the door. Motion pictures are held once a week, and dances three times a week. Kelielous services are held every Sunday, morn- ing and evening, in the chapel at headquarters, by Kev. J. y. ppitchard, Episcopal Micsionery of Montana. Visit- ing clergy are invited to hold services of any denomin- ation if they so desire, but they seldom care to do so. Copies of Office Circulars Hos. 4 to 19, in- clusive, issued for information and guidance of employees, are inclosed for your information! also copies of articles for newspaper publication that have emanated from this office during June. there are also inclosed copies of JSotes on Jflowere, Botes on Goolo-y, notes on Animals, and notes on birds, separate sheets of which are prepared on these items at the beginning of each month and posted at hotels, camps, public camps, and other public places for the information of the public. These were prepared by Mr. M. P. Skinner, Park Haturalist, and are found to b« intensely interesting to a large number otf tourists and employees in the park. X. RiiCBIPES AHD MBtXffAlSM« Jiie uau&l report oZ monies due, collected, and transmitted, together with money orders covering collections, will he submitted in a day or two. Cordially yours, Horace 11. Albright, T n ols . Superintendent, CAL:ACW -23- 1 July 1930, ON IWfOmJttlQX •DITCH u To: Chester A. Undttley, Assistant superintendent • From: • - • Jitinnsr, -ark BatU?&li*fc» « total of »4 Uqu&*«M visited ttld Information BftMa&I iitflOl ttti A«t«l fotfO of ft***- Thirty one of these Visiters ft«k#4 SfrSolfioelly for tho MiMUft] virtually all Of them were interested la tM f*i i»ta*IMM for whioh IhOtfl is room in who ****** **> •*•»* SI - ** in S ^^ This I** e Itltl* over as g* of 65 inquirers a day una at ti**S our little SfficN -*o crov/uod, as we had already anticipated but could not haip. A total of 146 pamphlets a»<8 X5 W$* were sold. A series of monthly bulletins on blowers, Geo- logy. Animals nnd iiirds, was prepared and placed at all i*on«er Stations, camps, hotels and at ore a, at the beginning of the season. A total of 136 bulletins wa so plnceu in sets of fours and they hav* attracted a gr«*at ae&l of interest and discussion front the very start. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. THE SUPERINTENDENT July 1, 1920* REPORT on seasonal changes. To; Chester A* Lindsley, Asst, Supt. Prom: M, P. Skinner, Park Naturalist. Botanical: This month has "been noted for the wonderful growth of flowers, "both in the quantity and in the quality of the single specimens. The masses of flowers in bloom thruout the Park have been much larger than usual, jselow the 6000 foot level, tne following ots^tui to bloom: rock roses on the third, iris on the eleventh, bitter root on the fifteenth. In the neighborhood of Mammoth, larkspur were abundant thruout the month, forget-me-nots appeared on the tenth, lungworth and blue violets on the twelfth, wild flax and penstemon on the sixteenth, purple asters on the seventeenth, wild geraniums on the twentieth, Indian paint brush en the twenty- seventh, large beard tongue on the thirtieth. Service berry bushes were covered with blossoms and very showy on the sixteenth and elderberries just two weeks later. On the Fark plateau, dog tooth violets and snap dragons appeared about the third, clematis ou the twelfth, fringed gentian on the twenty- fourth, and lupines on the twenty- eigjith. Birds: Ac usual, the pine siskins appeared when the first dandelion seeds formed on the tenth; soon the great numbers of dandelions attracted about four times as many of these small birds as we ever had before. Of the migratory birds only four delayed their arrival until after June 1st, the night hawk arriving on the twelfth, the western wood pewee on the sixteenth, the lazuli bunting on the seventeenth, and the western tanager on the tenth. A killdeer nest was found near the Mud volcano and the eggs hatched on the fourth. Robins and flickers began laying eggs in nests near Old faithful during the first week of June. The first young osprey hatched on ^agle Nest Rock in the Gardiner Canyon on the fourteenth and others appeared the same week in Page 2. Yellowstone Canyon. The brood of goslings on Lava Creek "beaver pond hatched about the middle of the month, A magpie nest was found on the twenty- secondth with young fully feathered and about to leave the nest just above the Buffalo Farm, (this was the first oc- cupied nest I have located within the Park boundaries), Robins at Mammoth hatched out on the thirteenth and left the nest on the tv/enty- eighth* Animals: Elk: Horns continued to grow thruout the month, they were about one-third grown at the end of the month. The first calf appeared on the third, and they continued to arrive until on the twelfth fif- teen percent of all elk seen were new-born calves. Elk were crossing the Laxar River and working up the heights above the Buffalo Farm on the thirtsenth. No elk iv Hayden Valley at the beginning of the month but they began to reach that range about the middle of the month. Mule deer: Horns were about o^e-half grown at the end of the month. Porcupine; Numerous and feeding on the fresh, young meadow grass near Bridge Bay. Coyote; 3 pups killed on the fourth were about three iveeks old. >^s was to be expected, seasonal changes pre about normal at the end of the month, altho the snowdrifts above 8500 feet were heavier than usual* t txx^JL 9n x Je ^4*rc ' j ■ \aas\svA^ 3 ^ILd^Skt^- j£Vl \jsyi£b 9% 6 33 d9 <> " " 66t // & / 7 2*3 ., , 920. lriipoc A Lm tonight at GiSO and he wants ■ with Uti %M . . onhii a to co ")la»«t en- w In sons plac* out half tawrriVi t it • and cr dtha -raw f ten r . ' d#r- w. ' ante plane i r. .** tccc ay *i case It will V" the here* l to DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. e Art D „ T - ft9n 6:00 P ,1 >■: • , Tune 9 . 19 20 • CE OF THE SUPERINTENDENT MEMO.DE] Lake Juntion to 9-mi.post, dry and dustyo 9-12 mile posts snow only in occasional patches. No consequence* At 12~mi.post, 150 feet 3-4 ft.deep. 12-13 mi .post, snow only in patches 1-2 feet deep* at 13-mi.post, 100 yards 3-4 feet de 13-14 pi •pests 1-2 feet deep. 14-14| mi. posts &|-3 ft, 14§-15| mi. posts l§-2 ft.d 15v-16| bare. 16|-17 p t. 17 to ".'.end Sylvan r ' > tile bare. (Llong Sylvan I ifts eacl TO ft.long. 4 ft.deep. 18-19 mi. posts 2 ft.deep except one drift 100 yards long, 6-8 ft.deep. 19 mi.p -y teiti rards lon £» z ft.deep. st end of pass to t: lile, 4 ft.deep with two drifts 6-8 1 deep. Top of Pass, for 100 feet, 20-25 feet. Top of Pass to top of Z Hill, distance 300 yards, 15 feet of snow for 100 yards, balance bare Top of 3 hill to foot of S hill, 150 yards altogether, 5 feet, with 1 drift 30 ft.long about 10 feet deep. Foot of 3 hill to underpass bridge, 300 yards, 3-4 feet*, and small drift. ■idge to 5-mile post, 2 miles, l§-2 feet deep and 2 drifts 4 1 . lance to east entrance bare. t end Pelican Bridge washed out and impassable. Wines s suggests rew take out about 20 2xl2 , s that are by the fishing "ridge, to make a temporary bridge across this break. June 3,1920. MEMORANDUM OF r : ENTRA] CE ROAD. * East sntrance to 4- niles 4g" mi • to 5 mi . - -_ mile , 5 mi • to Gg mi • -Ig miles "ant end of Sylvan lasc to Under Pass Bridge Under Pass Bridge to the S hill, At top of S hill is a drift 300 ft. long,.... At top c pass is drift 100 it. long, 2^* %£" of pa S3 to ".'est end Pass is, for % mile, west end Pans to Sast end sylvan Lake, "long Sylvan Lake to 10| mile post, ^ ^T^ 10| mi . to ll| mi . , 11.1 to 14 miles - Cub n reek, 14 mi . to 15 mi • , 15 miles to 17 miles , 17 miles to 10 miles,.... 18 miles to 19 miles , Balance no snow to bother except two small drifts. na IN FEET "Jo sr iow to 2 3 6 both er. 10 to 15 15 - 20 25 - 30 10 - 15 4 3 lb b now 4 4 to 4 3 2 1 h/t "omorandum for >. A lbri£ht« 9:30 A. . v mi 30,1920. r»1 Lehftlg phonec he .lent Barf and one Of their best Ifr-passenger drivers to Canyon md In via i)unraven Pass lata yefltMN MOMA* 'iarp reports place I ilf way C«nyos to Di -^ass unsafe for heav,/ care; a rot that v/ould take oar ovc and to avoio. rut c i riven I r ':•- one wheel »A tautm shelf . thinks trip entirolv unbare for thoir hoavy ears today, though light cars might get through. s one bridge betooon ::ar3Hioth and Tower Fall* ape, loo 3o planks etc* UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WEATHER BUREAU Yellowstone a: , ro. July 2, L920. "ions Mara toth Hot Sprin J U N E , 1920. perature: Monthly aean, 52.0*. Departure, -4.0°. The month was 7° colder thaii June, 1919 6 colder than that of 1918. it was persistently cold during the first five dayi latter half of the . The tern] si :ve normal only on 44s? seven days during the mont] . :he minimu ture of 24 w on the 1st, is the lowest re for ie since 1901, when " ewe recorded, Precipitation: [Dotal J..18 inches. Departure, -0.46 inch. Thunder- storms occurred on 11 days, or about 50% more than for rj;e une. Light hail hell _or five minutes ( a storm of the 16th, but no damage s done. Snowfall: Total, 0.2 inch, -which fell on the 1st. <find: Total movement, abouljjiiormal. aximum velocity of 38 miles from the southwest on the 10th, has ueen exceeded rive times during the past 16 years. : unshine: Percen sible, 65; slightly a .1. 1. H. Fletcher, ver . ■».